Cuba began work to prepare its Third National Communication and First Biannual Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, through a project led by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, which has the financial backing of the Fund for the Global Environment and has an implementing agency to the United Nations Program for the Environment.
Dr. Eduardo Planos Gutiérrez, a researcher at the Institute of Meteorology and project director, told the press that as part of the established work mechanisms, the countries that signed the Convention must periodically report on the fulfillment of the commitments made to fight against climate change, through these national communications.
Their content includes an inventory of emissions and absorption of greenhouse gases, a general description of the measures adopted or planned to implement the Convention, and any other pertinent information aimed at achieving their objectives.
According to Dr. Planos, the execution of the project will contribute to the materialization of the State Plan (Life Task) for the confrontation to climate change, with policies that facilitate the adequate adaptation to this process and its mitigation, besides reinforcing the technical capacity and Institutional framework of the country, also to promote the integration of knowledge and information related to climate change and its link with the priorities of sectoral and territorial development, and the production of scientific and educational materials.
According to the source itself, the Third National Communication will be delivered in December of 2020 and the entity responsible for coordinating the project is the Meteorology Institute. The previous two were notified in 2001 and 2015, respectively.
MAIN THREATS TO CUBA BECAUSE OF CLIMATE CHANGE
- Increase in air temperature.
- Decrease in rainfall.
- Elevation of the mean sea level.
- Extreme hydrometeorological phenomena.
CLIMATIC SCENARIO FOR 2100 IN CUBA
- From 1.6 to 2.5 degrees Celsius warmer than the present.
- Increase in sea level from 20 to 95 centimeters.
- Between 10 and 19% more or less rainy than at present.