Cuba reiterates its commitment to the complete and effective prohibition of all nuclear tests.

STATEMENT BY THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF CUBA, AMBASSADOR, PABLO BERTI OLIVA, AT THE 61ST SESSION OF WORKING GROUP B OF THE CTBTO, AGENDA ITEM 4: "GENERAL STATEMENTS", AUGUST 21, 2023

Mr. Chairman,

My delegation associated itself with the statements made by the Group of 77 and China and by the Group of Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Mr. Chairman,

We reiterate Cuba's commitment to the complete and effective prohibition of all nuclear tests.

That is why my delegation reiterates the importance of the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and stresses the need to make every effort to achieve its universalization, with the ultimate goal of eliminating nuclear weapons and achieving general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control. In this regard, my delegation welcomes Sri Lanka's recent ratification.

The Treaty, once in force, will contribute, together with other international instruments, in particular the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), to efforts towards the total elimination,  transparent and irreversible of these weapons of mass destruction.

The CTBT, with its verification regime, is a core element of the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime. It is complemented by the CTPT, in particular the prohibition contained in the latter, in its article 1, of the State party never, under any circumstances, developing and testing nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

Mr. Chairman,

With regard to the report of the Executive Secretary on activities related to verification in the period January-June 2023, we would like to highlight the following:

  1. Maintain a balanced approach, including in terms of resource allocation, between the 3 main programmes of the Commission's verification regime: the international monitoring system, the international data centre and on-site inspection.
  2. Continue to respect the principle of territorial integrity of States by the Secretariat and all actors in carrying out any activity related to the financing, maintenance and provisional operation of the stations of the international verification system.
  3. Further promote training courses and workshops aimed at strengthening capacities in relevant areas of the Treaty, particularly for developing countries, including the provision of hardware and software to national data centres. We appreciate the support given to Cuba.
  4. Further expand cooperation and support, including the provision of technical assistance to signatory States, in particular developing countries, to ensure that all have the capacity to participate effectively in the verification regime.

Mr. President,

In conclusion, my delegation would like to reiterate that the only guarantee that nuclear weapons cannot be used will be their prohibition and total elimination, hence the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a key element in achieving that objective.

We are convinced that, with the necessary political will on the part of all, the universalization of the CTBT will be achieved and thus a further step towards a nuclear-weapon-free world.

Thanks.

(EmbaCubaAustria)

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