President of Cuba Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez conveyed President Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi cordial congratulations on the occasion of the 54th Anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Botswana.
September 30th is Botswana National Day since it commemorates the independence of Botswana from the United Kingdom in 1966.
In the 19th century, hostilities broke out between several tribes that laid claims to the territory of present-day Botswana. The tensions escalated when the Boer settlers arrived from the Transvaal. Eventually, a group of Batswana leaders asked the British government for protection. In 1885, the Bechuanaland Protectorate was officially established.
In 1961, Seretse Khama founded the Bechuanaland Democratic Party that struggled for the protectorate’s independence. Three years later, Bechuanaland was granted democratic-self government. The first general elections were held in 1965, following the adoption of the constitution. On September 30, 1996, Botswana officially became an independent republic within the Commonwealth with Seretse Khama as its first President.