We would like to thank you for having convened this high-level dialogue.
Achieving peace remains a challenge for the international community. Stable and sustainable peace for all can only be achieved through strict respect for the Charter of the United Nations, especially, respect for the principles of sovereign equality, territorial integrity and political independence of States.
Cuba reiterates that peace is much more than the absence of war. Sustainable and lasting peace cannot be achieved unless the complex problems of social and economic development affecting our nations, particularly those of the South, are solved. It is necessary to address and eradicate the causes of conflicts: eliminate poverty, hunger, inequality, discrimination, social exclusion, irrational patterns of consumption and production and to develop a culture of tolerance and peace, contrary to the philosophy of the law of the strongest, to exploitation, colonialism and imperialism.
Efforts to sustain peace, and with it, achieve sustainable development, will be frustrated if the application of double standards on issues related to the international agenda is maintained, as well as unilateral coercive measures, attempts to impose political systems and certain patterns of democracy and humans rights. Sustainable peace will not be achieved if we continue to allocate less and less resources to development and more resources to the production of new and more sophisticated weapons, including nuclear weapons; hence the importance of the synergy between 2030 Agenda and sustaining peace.
Sustainable development contributes in a decisive way to remove and eliminate the causes of conflicts and facilitates the recovery progress, the reconstruction, and the development of countries in post-conflict situations; meanwhile, sustaining peace can support Member States' efforts to build peaceful and inclusive societies, consolidates the conditions required for sustainable development, and mobilizes the necessary resources for the development and prosperity of societies.
The leadership in the implementation of 2030 Agenda and the responsibility to sustain peace lies in Member States. At the same time, the Organization should be willing to assist national Governments in such efforts.
Achieving sustaining peace requires a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including its monetary and financial institutions. It is essential to establish a democratic, equitable, transparent and inclusive international order which benefits developing countries. There is also a need for a new type of international relations, that, instead of relying on force, intimidation and unequal trade, it is based on solidarity and cooperation that is beneficial to all.
We support that the United Nations invest in conflict prevention, especially in strengthening the capacities of affected countries to overcome conflicts, in strict compliance with the principles and purposes of the Charter.
Greater support is required for the Peace-building Commission; as well as an effective and comprehensive coordination, within the framework of the relevant terms of office, among the Commission, the rest of the United Nations structures and bodies, the international organizations and agencies as well as the affected countries.
The building of sustainable peace through the synergy between 2030 Agenda and sustaining peace must take fully into account the principle of national leadership and ownership, which leads to capacity-building in developing countries, technology transfer, compliance with commitments and increase of the Official Development Assistance (ODA).
We reiterate Cuba's commitment to sustainable peace and, in this context, we recall the Declaration on the Right to Peace adopted by the Human Rights Council presented by Cuba and a significant group of countries, and endorsed by this General Assembly. Respect for the postulates of this significant Declaration and the adoption of sustainable and appropriate measures for its implementation are fundamental for building sustainable peace.
We likewise reaffirm the validity of the postulates of the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace signed during the Second Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and its validity for the peaceful relations of the region with others countries of the world.
Thank you very much