73 UNGA: Statement of Cuba at the High-Level Forum on the Culture of Peace. New York, 13 September 2019.

Madam President,

Twenty years after the adoption of the Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace, my delegation thanks you for having convened and organized this High-Level Forum.

The Declaration spells out that the culture of peace is a set of values, attitudes, traditions, behaviors and lifestyles based, inter alia, on respect for life; non-violence; promotion of and respect for all human rights, including the right to development; protection of the environment; achievement of gender equality; full respect for the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of States; and non-interference in matters which fall essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of States, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

Let us go back to the Declaration and Program on a Culture of Peace, critically review its letter and spirit, and it will unfortunately show that Peace continues to be a pending subject for the international community.

Madam President,

Despite the continued international call for a culture of peace to be achieved and strengthened, behaviors such as that of the government of the United States of America continue to hinder and undermine the real possibilities of achieving such a noble goal. Among them, stand out: intolerance and discrimination on ethnic, religious or racial grounds, as well as the promotion of hate speech and supremacist ideas under the cover of an irresponsible use of the freedom of speech; unilateral coercive measures; the threat and use of the opposing force; the promotion of covert programs for regime change in developing countries; the development of new, more lethal and more sophisticated armaments; the persistence of large nuclear arsenals; the violation of the principles of International Law; the irresponsible attitude to climate change.

Madam President,

Cuba, a peace-loving nation that steadily implements measures which are adhered to the Program of Action on a Culture of Peace, has been subjected for almost six decades to an infamous economic, commercial and financial blockade by the United States of America that seeks to strangle the right of its people to choose its political system.

Cuba will continue to be committed to peace, to the education that promotes peace and to those documents and initiatives in accordance with the Declaration and Program on a Culture of Peace, such as the Declaration of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace, adopted in 2014, in Havana within the framework of the Second Summit of CELAC, of which we reaffirm its full effectiveness and validity.

Thank you very much.