75 UNGA; Statement by Cuba at the UN Security Council Open debate “Maintenance of international peace and security: upholding multilateralism and the united nations-centered international system”. New York, 7 May 2021.

Mr. President,

We endorse the statement delivered by the delegation of Azerbaijan on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

We thank the People's Republic of China for holding this open debate, which is more than opportune in an international context that imposes the strengthening of multilateralism, full respect for the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international law, as well as cooperation and solidarity to jointly face the numerous challenges of our time.

The ravishing pandemic of COVID-19, which has unleashed a serious crisis of manifold dimensions adds up to a world already unequal and encumbered with decades of savage neoliberalism, with irrational and unsustainable production and consumption patterns that impact most heavily on countries of the South, and with the unbearable burden of an external debt already paid several times over.

It is urgent to make major transformations and establish a just, democratic and equitable international order that will make it possible to eliminate the causes of inequalities and advance towards the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals, which today seem a pipe dream.  

Mr. President,

Saving future generations from the scourge of war remains the primary objective of this Organization. An environment and culture of peace must be promoted to guarantee the security and well-being of our nations, currently threatened by acts of aggression, unconventional wars to overthrow legitimately established governments, and the manipulation and politicization of human rights, while their right to self-determination is undermined. The millions of dollars spent on the arms race must be allocated for development.

Only through multilateralism will we be able to achieve these goals. The upholding of multilateralism also implies putting an immediate and unconditional end to unilateral coercive measures imposed on sovereign States, which violate the human rights of their peoples, international law and the United Nations Charter, and whose application causes additional difficulties in the current context of confronting the pandemic. 

Opportunistically, the United States government brutally tightened the economic, commercial and financial blockade against Cuba, while financing and supporting dangerous acts of violence and disrespect for the law to promote social and political instability in our country. The emphasis on hindering the main sources of income, crippling fuel supplies and thwarting our trade relations reached a level of infamy with the arbitrary and unjustified inclusion of Cuba in the State Department's spurious list of State sponsors of terrorism.

The US government campaigns to discredit and boycott the medical cooperation that Cuba offers, have not succeeded in tarnishing our humanist, supportive and cooperative vocation, which is internationally recognized. In times of pandemic, 57 medical brigades of the Henry Reeve International Contingent have contributed to fight against it in 40 countries and territories.

Mr. President,

Strict observance of the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter, on which the actions of the United Nations are based, is an essential factor for the preservation and strengthening of the multilateral system. Respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of States; non-interference in their internal affairs; refraining from the threat or use of force and the peaceful settlement of disputes must continue to be the basic foundation of international law and at all times guide the actions by States and their international relations.

The legitimacy of a government emanates from the express and sovereign will of its people, not from recognition by foreign powers. The government headed by the constitutional President Nicolás Maduro Moros must be respected. Those who claim to respect the will of the Venezuelan people and promote a political solution among Venezuelans should recognize that the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a sovereign State, cease meddling and act with respect for the United Nations Charter and the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace.

Mr. President,

The Security Council must fulfill the functions established by the Charter for the preservation of international peace and security, but it must do so without double standards or discrimination, exhausting all options provided for in Chapter VI for the peaceful settlement of disputes.

We reiterate our support for the urgent call of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to cease hostilities and put an end to wars, and instead open up opportunities for diplomacy and cooperation, allowing us to face together the pressing challenges facing the international community.

Thank you.