76 UNGA: Statement by the Cuban delegation at the Interactive Dialogue of the General Assembly on Harmony with Nature to commemorate International Mother Earth Day. New York, 22 April 2022

Mr. Abdulla Shahid, President of the 76th session of the General Assembly,

H.E. Mr. Diego Pary Rodríguez, Permanent Representative of the Plurinational State of Bolivia to the United Nations,

Cuba associates itself with the statements delivered by the distinguished delegations of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on behalf of the Group of 77 and China and that of Antigua and Barbuda on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island Developing States.

Mr. President,

Living in harmony with nature should mean an ethical, social, political and economic imperative for all United Nations Member States. It is an alternative development model whose objective is to ensure humanity's right to exist.

The environmental crisis that the planet has been coping with for decades, whose impact is increasingly demolishing, especially for developing countries, has seriously undermined the functioning of our ecosystems and their capacity for regeneration, depleting our planet's resources and endangering all forms of life, reversing hard-won development gains.

To achieve sustainable development in harmony with nature and attain a fair balance between the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations, we must address the causes of this crisis, which derive from the unsustainable production and consumption patterns created and perpetuated by developed countries.

It is critical to transform the existing unjust international economic order and eliminate inequalities and poverty in all its forms and dimensions.

Mr. President,

For developing countries to accomplish these goals, it is indispensable to increase the support they receive from the international cooperation and the United Nations Development System.

They also need real political will from developed countries to fulfill their international commitments in terms of technology transfer, official development assistance, capacity building and climate financing for adapting and mitigating the adverse effects of climate change.

It is also crucial that they fulfill their emission reduction commitments and assume their historical ecological responsibility and debt to humanity, in conformity with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities.

Mr. President,

Cuba is making huge efforts to introduce, adopt and implement concepts and practices of sustainability and efficiency in the use of resources, aware of the need for responsible consumption and production patterns to achieve sustainable development.

In our country, the pillars of sustainable development are integrated into the Constitution of the Republic and, consequently, become a constituent part of the National Economic and Social Development Plan until 2030.

We persist in our efforts to develop a coherent environmental, social and economic policy to ensure the achievement of our legitimate right to development, and we will continue to defend the right of our species to exist in harmony with nature.

As we commemorate this day, we recall, for being enlightening, the call made by President Fidel Castro Ruz, during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992, when he stated and I quote: “Make human life more rational. Apply a just international economic order. Let us pay the ecological debt and not the external debt. Eradicate hunger and not humanity ".

Thank you very much.