Statement by Ambassador Gerardo Peñalver Portal, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations, in the joint debate on items 28, 58 and 114 of UNGA.

Statement by Ambassador Gerardo Peñalver Portal, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations, in the joint debate on items 28 (Report of the Peacebuilding Commission), 58 (Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace) and 114 (Report of the Secretary-General on the Peacebuilding Fund) of the UNGA.

New York, July 24, 2023.

Mr. President:

We appreciate the convening of this meeting. We take note of the report of the Peacebuilding Commission (A/77/720) and the reports of the Secretary-General on peacebuilding and peacekeeping (A/77/756) and on the Peacebuilding Fund (A/77/756/Corr.1).

Lasting peace requires an international environment based on respect for multilateralism and international law and the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as respect for friendly relations and cooperation among countries. In this context, we recall with pride the contribution of the Latin American and Caribbean region in proclaiming itself a Zone of Peace, and we reaffirm Cuba's commitment to that far-reaching declaration.

The root causes of conflicts must be eradicated, particularly the social and economic development issues that affect our nations, especially those of the South, as a consequence of the current unjust international order.

The full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, capacity building in developing countries and their equal access to technologies, without discrimination, and the fulfillment of Official Development Assistance commitments, without preconditions, would contribute to addressing these problems.

Mr. President:

Peacebuilding activities should be carried out from the early stages of Peacekeeping Operations to help countries emerging from conflict to develop and strengthen their national sustainable development strategies.

National governments have the primary responsibility for implementing peace-building and peace-sustaining strategies. The role of the United Nations is to assist them in their efforts in that direction, as requested and within the framework of the functions and mandates given to its organs.

This must be done in accordance with the Charter of the Organization and with full respect for international law, as well as on the basis of the consent of the receiving State and respect for national ownership and priorities. It also requires unrestricted respect for the sovereign equality of States, the peaceful settlement of international disputes, the political independence of countries, the principle of non-interference in their internal affairs, and the rejection of the threat or use of force. Only then will it be possible to support, in an objective and impartial manner, the building and keeping of peace.

We join the call for increased funding for United Nations peacebuilding and peacekeeping activities. Decisions must be taken to ensure sufficient, predictable and continuous funding for these activities. At the same time, such activities must not divert or affect the resources allocated to development.

Thank you

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